Authorization for Mobile (Non-Building) Energy Saving Performance Contracts (ESPCs)
ESPCs allow Federal agencies to complete energy-savings building projects without up-front capital costs and special Congressional appropriations. Under an ESPC, an energy service company (ESCO) partners with the Federal agency to conduct a comprehensive energy audit and identifies improvements to save energy. The ESCO then designs and constructs a project that meets the agency’s needs and arranges the necessary funding while guaranteeing that the improvements will generate energy cost savings to pay for the project over the term of the contract (up to 25 years). Thereafter, all additional cost savings accrue to the agency.
DODESA 2014 would expand the traditional ESPC concept by authorizing ESPCs for mobile assets, such as ships and deployable generators.
Tactical Vehicle Efficiency Research
Tactical vehicles demand heavy armor to protect the warfighter and improve the survivability of the asset in battle. However, with current engines and armor, the additional weight of that protection significantly increases fuel consumption.
DODESA 2014 encourages continued DOD research to reduce fuel consumption of light tactical vehicles and thereby reduce the battlefield vulnerabilities associated with high rates of fuel consumption.
Establishment of an Energy Project Database
There are hundreds of operational energy-related R&D programs underway across the Services, research labs, and warfare centers. But the visibility of these projects to program managers and operational energy stakeholders across DOD is limited.
DODESA 2014 directs the creation of a central online repository that allows energy managers across DOD to view basic information on all of these operational energy-related programs to enable inter-service collaboration and reduce redundant efforts.
Warrior Power Executive Agent
The Army and Marine Corps are working to reduce the load for troops in the field by developing easily portable power generation systems like troop-portable solar panels and devices that generate electricity from a troop’s movements.
To align these efforts and reduce redundancy, DODESA 2014 directs the Secretary of Defense to establish a DOD Executive Agent for warrior power programs to advance these important ongoing efforts by the services. Doing so will reduce costs and speed the development of systems that reduce the number and weight of batteries ground troops must carry—increasing their combat power and lightening their loads.
Secure Energy Innovation Program
As DOD has worked to ensure continued operations in the event of a power outage, the difficulty of defining and measuring the true value of energy security has created challenges. DODESA 2014 addresses this problem by establishing the Secure Energy Innovation Program and requiring DOD to develop quantifiable metrics by which the costs of installation energy assurance programs are measured against the potential costs and risks associated with a sustained lack of access to power. This will allow military leaders to accurately balance costs and risks for energy programs–and allow for better strategic decision making.
Energy Savings Investment Fund (ESIF)
Under current law, DOD energy managers and installation commanders lack incentives to invest in energy savings technologies. DODESA 2014 would allow DOD to reinvest some of the savings realized from smart energy programs back into other energy-reduction programs. This common-sense measure would allow DOD leaders to establish a virtuous cycle by which energy savings would contribute to lower costs and future investments in additional energy-saving programs.
Alternative Fuel Vehicle Infrastructure Fund
As with other federal agencies, DOD is required by Executive Order to acquire alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) for all new non-tactical acquisitions beginning in FY2015. DODESA 2014 authorizes DOD to invest in fueling infrastructure on or near DOD facilities to support the operation of these vehicles while reducing fuel costs and lowering the long-term expense of non-tactical vehicle fleets.